In 2010, Tony Judt warned, not long before his death, that the traditional way of doing politics in the West—through “mass movements, communities organized around an ideology, even religious or political ideas, trade unions and political parties”—had become dangerously extinct. There were, Judt wrote, “no external inputs, no new kinds of people, only the political class breeding itself.” Trump emerged six years later, channelling an iconoclastic fury at this inbred ruling class and its cherished monuments. … But the problem of political representation in a polarized, unequal, and now economically debilitated society remains treacherously unresolved.

🔗 What Are the Cultural Revolution’s Lessons for Our Current Moment?